The thyroid gland is one of the most important endocrine glands in our body. It produces hormones that play a key role in the regulation of metabolism, growth and development of the body. One of the most important elements necessary for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland is iodine.
Functions of thyroid hormones
The thyroid gland produces hormones that play an important role in the regulation of many processes in the body. These are called thyroid hormones and include triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Here are some of the functions of thyroid hormones:
1. Regulation of metabolism
Thyroid hormones contribute to the enhancement of catabolic reactions and energy metabolism, which is an important aspect of maintaining normal body temperature.
2. Growth and development of the body
Thyroid hormones are especially necessary in childhood. They contribute to the formation of bones and muscles, and also affect the development of the brain.
3. Regulation of the cardiovascular system
Hormones increase the heart rate and enhance the contractile function of the heart, which contributes to normal blood circulation. The cardiovascular system is particularly sensitive to thyroid hormone levels, which are fundamental in maintaining heart morphology and function through genomic and non-genomic effects
5. Regulation of psycho-emotional state
Thyroid hormones affect the hypothalamus and cerebral cortex, the participation of thyroid hormones in the synthesis of proteins of the nervous system, synaptogenesis, and neuronal differentiation has been noted. Lack of hormones can cause depression, fatigue and irritability. Excess hormones can cause anxiety, nervousness, and anxiety.
6. Regulation of the female reproductive system
Thyroid hormones can affect the menstrual cycle, reproductive function, and pregnancy processes.
In general, thyroid hormones play an important role in the regulation of many processes in the body. Therefore, it is important to monitor the health of the thyroid gland and seek medical attention if any symptoms appear.
Common causes of thyroid dysfunction
Various factors can cause problems with the thyroid gland (thyroid gland), among which may be the following:
1. Lack or excess of iodine in the diet
Iodine is a nutrient and is necessary for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland. A lack or excess of iodine in the diet can lead to various problems such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
- Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones necessary for the normal functioning of the body. This can lead to a variety of problems, including fatigue, weight changes, digestive problems, menstrual irregularities, as well as other serious illnesses if not treated in a timely manner.
- Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, which can lead to accelerated metabolism and other problems. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism may include fatigue, weight loss, insomnia, mood changes, menstrual irregularities, rapid pulse, and other problems. It is necessary to consult a doctor in a timely manner for the diagnosis and treatment of hyperthyroidism in order to avoid serious complications.
2. Autoimmune diseases
Autoimmune diseases such as Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can lead to a variety of thyroid problems. These diseases occur when the immune system attacks the thyroid gland and leads to a violation of its function.
3. Genetic factors
Some forms of thyroid problems can be inherited. If one of the relatives had problems with the thyroid gland, this can increase the risk of problems in other family members.
4. Stress and emotional stress
Stress and emotional stress can lead to dysfunction of the thyroid gland. This is due to the fact that stress can cause hormonal imbalance in the body.
5. Environmental impact
Some environmental factors, such as polluted air, water and soil, can affect the functioning of the thyroid gland and lead to its disruption.
In general, the causes of thyroid problems can be different. However, regular check-ups and consultations with a doctor, as well as a healthy lifestyle, can help prevent thyroid problems and maintain thyroid health.
Common symptoms that indicate the need for a thyroid check
Symptoms that may indicate the need for a thyroid check include:
1. Fatigue and weakness
This may be due to the fact that the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones that are responsible for speeding up metabolism.
2. Violation of temperature sensitivity
This is because low levels of thyroid hormones can lead to a decrease in body temperature and a decrease in heat production, while high levels of thyroid hormones can lead to an increase in body temperature and an increase in heat production.
3. Increased sweating
High levels of thyroid hormones can increase the activity of the sweat glands.
4. Weight change
Low levels of thyroid hormones can lead to weight gain, whereas high levels of thyroid hormones can lead to weight loss.
5. Changes in the skin and hair
For example, hypothyroidism can lead to dry skin and hair loss, while hyperthyroidism can lead to increased brittle hair and sweating of the skin.
6. Changes in the psycho-emotional state
Low levels of thyroid hormones can lead to depression, fatigue, irritability, lethargy and low mood. High levels of thyroid hormones can lead to anxiety, nervousness, anxiety, mood changes.
Thyroid problems can lead to swelling, especially in the eye area.
If you have any of the symptoms listed above, see your doctor and get a thyroid check. Early detection and treatment of thyroid problems can help prevent the development of more serious diseases.
Prevention of thyroid disease: simple recipes
Prevention may include the following simple recipes:
1. Control of the daily regimen, high-quality and sufficient sleep
Regular and quality sleep is an important factor in maintaining thyroid health. It is necessary to strive to sleep at least 7-8 hours a day, as well as establish a regular sleep and wakefulness regimen.
2. Time outdoors and physical education
Exercising and taking walks in the fresh air can help maintain a healthy thyroid gland. It is necessary to devote enough time to physical activities that are suitable for your level of fitness.
3. Avoidance of conflicts and competent way out of stressful situations
Stress can adversely affect the functioning of the thyroid gland. For the prevention of thyroid diseases, it is necessary to avoid stressful situations, as well as learn how to properly get out of them.
4. Foods Essential for Thyroid Health
To maintain a healthy thyroid gland, it is important to eat foods rich in iodine. These include seafood (such as seaweed), fish, dairy products, and eggs. It is also necessary to eat foods rich in vitamins and minerals, such as vegetables, fruits, nuts, herbs and grains.
5. What products are better to give up
To prevent problems with the thyroid gland, it is necessary to limit the consumption of foods that can lead to its disruption. These include foods rich in gluten, sugar, as well as fatty and fried foods.
It is important to remember that the prevention of thyroid disease is a long-term process, and the results will only be visible if the recommendations are followed regularly and persistently. If you have any symptoms that indicate possible thyroid problems, you should see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Only with the timely detection and treatment of diseases of the thyroid gland can its health and functioning be maintained.
Drugs to support the thyroid gland
Thyroid maintenance medications may include a variety of medications that contain thyroid hormones or iodine.
One of these drugs is Vioheals Endocrinol Iodine, produced by the pharmaceutical company Viola. It contains organic iodine, which is an essential element for the synthesis of thyroid hormones.
Vioheals Endocrinol Iodine is used to maintain the health of the thyroid gland and prevent diseases associated with its violation. It can be recommended as a tonic in order to normalize the functioning of the thyroid gland. It is used to compensate for iodine deficiency, maintain the balance of thyroid hormones, reduce prolonged fatigue, bad mood and excess weight, improve memory and attention.
Vioheals Endocrinol Iodine is a safe and effective remedy for maintaining thyroid health. It does not cause side effects and does not lead to an overabundance of thyroid hormones. However, before using Vioheals Endocrinol Iodine or any other thyroid maintenance drug, you should consult your doctor. It will help determine the required dose of the drug, taking into account your state of health and the needs of the body.
In general, regular use of Vioheals Endocrinol Iodine and other drugs to maintain thyroid health can help preserve thyroid function and prevent the development of diseases associated with thyroid disorders.
Thyroid health is an important aspect of a healthy lifestyle. It is necessary to monitor your diet, level of physical activity, control your emotional state and devote enough time to rest and sleep. Regular check-ups and consultations with your doctor will help to identify and prevent possible thyroid problems in a timely manner. Pharmaceuticals can help maintain thyroid health, but their use should be agreed with your doctor.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the functions of thyroid hormones?
Thyroid hormones are responsible for the regulation of metabolism, thermoregulation, growth and development of the body, as well as the functioning of the nervous system.
What causes can lead to thyroid problems?
The causes of thyroid problems can include disorders of the immune system, vitamin and mineral balance, genetic predisposition, stress, bad habits and other factors.
What symptoms indicate the need for a thyroid test?
Weight changes, fatigue, insomnia, frequent mood changes, menstrual irregularities, swelling and other symptoms.
What medications help maintain a healthy thyroid gland?
To maintain thyroid health, you can use drugs that contain thyroid hormones or iodine. An example of such a drug is Vioheals, Endocrinol, Iodine.
What causes thyroid cancer?
Thyroid cancer can be caused by several risk factors, including genetic predisposition, head and neck radiation, certain hereditary diseases, bad habits (such as smoking), certain medications, and other factors. However, in many people with thyroid cancer, risk factors are not detected, and the cause of the disease remains unknown.
How does iodine affect weight loss?
Iodine is an essential element that is necessary for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland and the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolism in the body. Some studies have shown that with a lack of iodine, metabolism can slow down, which can lead to weight gain.
However, taking iodine as a weight loss supplement is not recommended, as it can lead to an excess of iodine and other serious problems. Moreover, weight loss is achieved only by following a balanced diet, moderate physical activity and a healthy lifestyle. If you have thyroid problems or want to make lifestyle changes, consult a doctor or a qualified dietitian to develop an individualized nutrition and physical activity program.
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Author: Natalia Kandybey, Candidate of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Quality Director of the Pharmaceutical Factory “Viola”